Hydroponics enable us to grow plants indoors with great results. A lot of plants will grow indoors with ease with just water as the feed however these will not produce large flowers or thickened foliage, simply adding a quality feeding schedule will spurn the plant on no end with just daylight from outdoors as the light signal. You can not regulate these plants cycles though because you can not change our weather and lighting times, this is where artificial light came into hydroponics in the first instance, to supply a constant light signal at timed intervals, regardless of the time of year. It was soon noted that these plants beneath ‘hydroponics lighting’ reacted to there natural growth pattern by the lights being on for 16 to 18 hours a day and if switched to 10-12 hours a day there flowering cycle was ignited. By pure accident fighting with the elements from the cold outside was it discovered that the stronger this light source the greater these plants growth rate was spoke volumes when it came to flowering. Of course light alone will not produce growth or flowering at high rates unless the air is full of Co2 and the feeding is of quality minerals and nutrients.
And so ‘Growing Plants Indoors’ began. Followed by the odd Hydroponics retailer, to serve the community of course, however these retailers never wanted to share the science behind hydroponics as the harder it is for you to achieve what your mate can, (or the retailer), the more money you will spend trying. Then The World Wide Web ( www.) was discovered and hydroponics retailers fell out of the sky and growing plants indoors became common place. However the more ‘spicy’ variety of plant being the choice for many a youth bringing hydroponics into disrepute but what was discovered was that one of the fastest growing plants indoors in the World could be grown indoors with ease resulting in unheard of yields along with the shear fact that these plants contain certain properties that help the medically sick. Further more as the years passed Supermarkets began to grow their own fruit, vegetables, flowers and herbs in great quantities due to the British weather being so uncertain, leaving our farmers hanging by threads. Today it is estimated that there are over 40,000 Hydroponics Farms, growing plants indoors to supply the Supermarket demands. Around 2.5 million Brits grow their own fruit and veg, some in gardens and allotments but the majority are growing indoors with better yields than those ever recorded growing outdoors. Tomatoes are by far the leader in the novice gardeners choice ‘first grow’, followed closely by Chillies. Both thrive growing indoors, infact in 26 years I have not found a plant that can not be grown in Hydroponics indoors.
There are many methods firstly to ponder over, all done correctly will result the same but different methods can speed up the growth or vise versa the flowering, mastering which one works best for yourself is the answer but firstly understanding the methods science will make a better grower out of you resulting in untold yields. Once your method is chosen to suit yourself and your growing environment (grow room / grow tent / grow cabinet) the choice of system or Pot if using pot culture.
To decide how many plants your going to grow you must first decide what strength of light you are going to use. One too strong for the grow room will resulting in too much heat and again vise versa too small may be too cold, one thing for sure is your room will change the amount of heat it uses and produces if it is hot or cold out side. This is where fan speed controllers, fans and carbon filters are required to maintain fresh Co2 is sourced and the old removed along with heat and some moisture. Before choosing your light ensure you are purchasing one to meet the targeted yield. It is a known fact that Fruit can only be flowered to match the light, gram per watt. i.e. 600 watt lamp produces 600 grams of dry, cured fruit or herbs. A choice of timed feeding is now simplified with the ever increasing range of cycle timers appearing on the market. With a good model bearing variations of timings from 15 seconds to 6 hours of feeding at intervals from 6 hourly to every 15 minutes the correct feeding schedule cam be maintained with great ease and satisfaction you know the plants are getting the feed without having to manually feed each plant, which could take you a long time if you had a large crop or two.
The main factors left and the most important is the choice of fertiliser, minerals and nutrients you are to use. Of course not only do they have to be suited for the chosen method you are incorporating they have to suit the plant you are growing and the cycle the plant is in.
(a) Grow feed is known as Vega or vegetation feed, (b) Flower feed is known as Flores or floral feed. Next you have to take into account each main stage of the plants life from start to finish with additives.
This is not to be confused with the plants cycle.
Root protection, your plants will require root protection in their early days to encourage roots to grow then secondly to keep these new roots healthy. Root nutrients and additives should be given until flowering. Many root additives can be added to the foliar feeding and used until flowering or fruiting starts.
Vegetation Foliage, this is to be encouraged to flourish as the foliage is the plants main air intake routes. For this Nitrozymes are pre-added to the Vega feeds but also adding a separate additive of pure Nitrozymes will boost the foliage and growth rates immensely. For those using soils, Coco and such like substrates will benefit from also adding products such as Cannazyme which contain enzymes and minerals to repair the deadening roots and turn them into feed for the soils and plants.When the flowering cycle begins all feeds used in Vegetation is not used with exception to Cannazyme for those using soils, with hydro the roots are fed oxygen via an air pump pushing air into the nutrient reservior through air diffusers, this ensures the root zone is fed with oxygen and will keep the roots from dying and rotting. Continued use of root additives is highly beneficial.
Flowering feeds are more complex in that each one has to be at critical timings to enable full yielding. Firstly Floral feed is required which will tell the plants recepticles to switch into flowering mode along with the change in lighting timings. All floral feeds contain the basics required to feed your plants the necessary minerals to flower successfully however plants really do need that extra push to reach high yields.Flower boosters are recommended and can be used from day one of flowering along with your floral feed to flourish growing plants indoors. Around weeks 4-6 your plants will now also require added Phosphurs and Pottasium (PK) on top of the booster and floral feed. Cannazymes are then required to repair the root zone from the harsh chemicals found in the Phosphurs and pottasium feeds (PK).
This you add into the flower booster and floral feeding schedule thus ensuring the roots can uptake the water required to clean the plants substrates cleaning the minerals and nutrients telling the plant to finish its cycle. A supplement known as Flush is widely available and helps to (a), tell the plant to finish its flowering cycle (b), cleans the substrate, roots and stalks of existing feeds, and (c), Flush cleans out the plants of unwanted salts. Foliar feeding of flower boosters is highly recommended from day one of flowering until Flush has been applied. Not all flower boosters can be added to the plants using foliar feeding.